I have given one of the major pieces of evidence that there was a Signs Source that was used by the author of the Gospel of John, a written document that enumerated seven miraculous deeds of Jesus that were designed to show that he was a divine being, the Son of God. There is another piece of evidence. It is the concluding comment of chapter 20 of the Gospel, which I have already quoted a couple of times:
“Jesus did many other signs in the presence of his disciples, but these are written so that you might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you might have life in his name.” (20:30-31)
The reason this verse seems to suggest the existence of a signs source is that it doesn’t really make very much sense where it now occurs, at the end of the stories of Jesus’ resurrection (Note: as I’ve indicated before, scholars frequently think that chapter 21 of John was tacked on later, in a second edition; the Gospel probably originally ended with 20:31 – which does indeed seem like a wrapping up statement). That’s because there in fact have not been any signs discussed in over ten chapters! The last sign was the raising of Lazarus in ch. 11. Why, ten chapters later, would the author then start talking about “many other signs” when he hasn’t even been talking about signs?
Sometimes it is thought that this is because…
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